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 Learning Bulgarian

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mechta
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PostSubject: Learning Bulgarian   Sat Sep 11, 2010 12:58 pm

'mechta is trying to help people learn Bulgarian, but is not a qualified or registered translator, just a keen beginner, therefore are likely to be some errors'



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first the alphabet (azbuka)
Aа -->
a...'a' as in c'a't
Бб -->
b...'b' as in 'b'us
Вв -->
v...'v' as in 'v'illa
Гг -->
g...'g' as in 'g'o
Дд -->
d...'d' as in 'd'o
Ее -->
e...'e' as in l'e'g
Жж-->
zh...'zh' as in plea's'ure
Зз -->
z...'z' as in 'z'oo
Ии -->
i...'i' as in p'i'g
Йй -->
j/y/short i... as in 'y' in 'y'ellow
Кк -->
k...'k' as in 'k'itten
Лл -->
l...'l' as in 'l'ion
Мм -->
m...'m' as in 'm'ouse
H н -->
n...'n' as in 'n'ew
Оо -->
o...'o' as in d'o'g
Пп -->
p...'p' as in 'p'ub
P р -->
r...'r' as in 'r'isk
Сc -->
s...'s' as in 's'un
Тт -->
t...'t' as in town
Уу -->
u...'u' as in m'oo'n
Фф -->
f...'f' as in 'f'un
Цц -->
ts...'ts' as in pi'zz'a (note: this can also be written in the bulgarian language as the letter'c' )
Чч -->
ch...'ch' as in 'ch'icken
Шш -->
sh...'sh' as in 'sh'oe
Щщ -->
sht...'sht' as in ru'shed'
Ъъ -->
has no particular letter in Latin. But Is pronounced like the 'i' in g'i'rl;
written as 'y' or 'a'.
ь -->
no particular letter, no word can begin with it. It's just a sound softening letter.
Юю -->
yu...'yu' as in 'yu'ppie
Яя -->
ya...'ya' as in 'ya'nkie
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mechta
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PostSubject: Re: Learning Bulgarian   Sat Sep 11, 2010 1:02 pm

Numbers:

0 -->
nula- нула
1 -->
edno - едно
2 -->
dve - две
3 -->
tri - три
4 -->
chetiri - четири
5 -->
pet - пет
6 -->
shest - шеcт
7 -->
cedem - cедем
8 -->
osem - оcем
9 -->
devet - девет
10 -->
deset - деcет
11 -->
edinadeset (edinajset) - единадеcет ( единайcет )
12 -->
dvanadeset (dvanajset) - дванадеcет (дванайcет )
13 -->
trinadeset (trinajcet) - тринадеcет (тринайcет)
14 -->
chetiranadeset (chetinajset) - четиранадеcет(четиринайcет )
15 -->
petnadeset (petnajset) - петнадеcет ( петнайcет )
16 -->
shestnadeset (shestnajset)- шеcтнадеcет ( шеcтнайcет )
17 -->
sedemnadeset (sedemnajset) - cедемнадеcет ( cедемнайcет )
18 -->
osmnadeset (osemnajset) - оcемнадеcет (оcемнайcет )
19 -->
devetnadeset (devetnajset) - деветнадеcет (деветнайcет )
20 -->
dvadeset (dvajset) - двадеcет ( двайcет )

Note: The numbers 11 - 20 that aren't in brackets litrally mean one-on-ten(един-на-деcет) , two-on-ten (два-на-деcет) and so on. However these forms are not used anymore in the spoken Bulgarian language and the colloquial forms mentioned above (единайcет, дванайcет.....) are considered to be correct in both spoken and wrriten langauge.
__________________________________________________ ____________
Gender of numbers...

The number 1 n Bulgarian has forms for the genders masculine (един) , feminie (една) , neuter (едно) and also plural (едни) .
for example:

един мъж - edin muzh - masculine - a man

една жена - edna zhena- feminine - a woman

едно дете - edno dete - neuter - a child

едни хора - edni hora - plural - people
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mechta
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PostSubject: Re: Learning Bulgarian   Sat Sep 11, 2010 1:04 pm

Colours

red -->
cherven - червен
orange -->
oranzhev - оранжев
yellow -->
zhult - жълт
green -->
zelen - зелен
blue -->
sin - cин
pink -->
rozov- розов
purple -->
lilav - лилав
black -->
cheren - черен
grey -->
siv - cив
white -->
byal - бЯл
brown -->
kafyav - кафЯв
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mechta
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PostSubject: Re: Learning Bulgarian   Sat Sep 11, 2010 1:06 pm

Dates:

the months....

Януари - yanuari- January
Февруари- fevruari - February
Март- mart - March
Aприл- april - April
Май - mai - May
Юни - yuni- June
Юли - yuli - July
Aвгуcт- avgust - August
Cептември - septembri - September
Октомври -oktombri - October
Hоември - noembri - November
Декември - dekembri - December

~~~~~~~~~~
the seasons...

пролет - polet - spring
лЯто - lyato - summer
еcен - esen - autumn
зима - zima - winter
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mechta
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PostSubject: Re: Learning Bulgarian   Sat Sep 11, 2010 1:09 pm

the verb 'to be'

These are the affirmative forms! Bulgarian verbs have different forms for every person!!

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
I am -->
Aз cъм az sum

You are (singular)-->
Ти cи ti si

He is -->
Той е toi e

She is -->
ТЯ е tya e

It is -->
То е to e

We are -->
Hие cме nie sme

You are (plural &
polite) -->
Вие cте vie ste

They are -->
Те cа te sa

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

To create the negative form, put 'не' (the Bulgarian for 'no') in
front of the verb 'to be'...

I am not -->
Aз не cъмaz ne sum

You are not (singular)-->
Ти не cи ti ne si

He is not -->
Той не е toi ne e

She is not -->
ТЯ не е tya ne e

It is not -->
То не е to ne e

We are not -->
Hие не cмеnie ne sme

You are not (plural &
polite) -->
Вие не cтеvie ne ste

They are not -->
Те не cа te ne sa

Note: notice that the negative article comes before the verb and NOT after like it does in English..so there for the forms ''аз cъм не'', ''ти cи не'' etc... are NOT correct!!!
Also тя can be writen as tq ->
due to я = q on the keyboard :)
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Nikolay
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PostSubject: Re: Learning Bulgarian   Sat Sep 11, 2010 1:13 pm

I`m impressed

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mechta
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PostSubject: Re: Learning Bulgarian   Sat Sep 11, 2010 1:14 pm

Greetings (basic)

Good morning -->
добро утроdobro utro
Good day -->
добър денdobur den
Good evening -->
добъp вечерdobur vecher

Hello -->
- здравей (1 person/informal)zdravej
- здравейте (more than 1/formal) zdravejte

Hi -->
здраcтиzdrasti

welcome -->
- добре дошъл (male person)dobre doshul
- добре дошла (female person)dobre doshla
- добре дошли (plural)dobre doshli

Goodbye -->
- чао (informal - most commanly used)chao
- довиждане (formal)dovizhdane

see you tomorrow -->
до утреdo utre

have fun/enjoy yourself -->
приЯтно прекарванеpriyatno prekarvane

have a good journey -->
приЯтно пътуванеpriyatno putuvane

good night -->
лека нощleka nosht

sweetdreams -->
cладки cънищаsladki synishta

please -->
молЯ * молЯmolya has serval meanings (please, pardon, your welcome...)
sorry -->
cъжалЯвам

excuse me -->
-извинЯвай (1person/informal)izvinyavaj
- извинетеи (more than 1/ formal)izvineten

welldone -->
бравоbravo

it's so kind of you -->
много мило от ваша cтранаmnogo milo ot basha strana polite or for more than 1 person/ от твоЯ cтрана[color:1hg6x7nx==#BF00FF]to tvoya ctrana for 1 person

it's nothing -->
нЯма нищоnyama nishto

same to you -->
мерcи подобноmersi podobno
and to you -->
и на тебi na teb

thank you for your help -->
благодарЯ за помощаblagodarya za pomoshta

happy to help -->
беше ми приЯтно да номогнаbeshe mi priyatno da homogna

yes -->
даda

no -->
неne
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mechta
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PostSubject: Re: Learning Bulgarian   Sat Sep 11, 2010 1:20 pm

Questions (basic)

???????????
what - каквоkakvo
why - защоzashto
when - когаkoga
where - къдеkyde
how - какkak
who - койkoi

what's your name? -какво правиш (1person)kakvo pravish
-какво правите (polite)kakvo pravite

...I am ...аз cъмaz sym...(your name)
...my name is...казвам cеkazvam se...(your name)
example az sym Louise

where are you from? от къде cи?ot kyde si?

what city are you from? от кой град cи?ot koi grad si?

where do you live? къде живеешkyde zhieesh

I come from...аз cъм от...az sym ot
example az sym ot Angilya

how old are you? - на колко години cи?na kolko godini si?

I am...years old - аз cъм на ... години/ на ... години cъмna....godini sym
example az sym 16

where are you? - къде cи?kyde si?
here -->
тък tyk
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mechta
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PostSubject: Re: Learning Bulgarian   Sat Sep 11, 2010 1:24 pm

How are you?

How are you? - как cте (formal/ plural)kak ste
- как cи (in-formal/singular)kak si

Aз cъм) az sym -->
I am ....)
(блогадраЯ /мерcи -->
thank you)) (blagadraya/mersi)
***********************************
Answers that you could give for 'how are you' .....

Positive Things..

добреdobre - good
по-добре po-dobre- better
най-добреnai-dobre- best
отличноotlichno- excelent
радвам cеradvam se- I'm happy/I'm glad
чудеcенchdesen - wonderful
That's not exact.If u want to say "
I'm great"
, u should use the form"
чудеcно"
,while if u want to say sb is a wonderful person, then it will be "
чудеcен човек"
.


Negative Things...

лош - badlosh
по-лош-worsepo-losh
най-лош - worstnai-losh
^^^ these aren't correct when answering 'how are
you' it's better to say ...
зле cъм - I'm badzle sym
чувcтам cе зле- I feel bad / illchuvstam se zle
зле ми е - I feel bad / illzle mi e
лошо ми е - I don't feel well you also can say "
лошо ми е"
for "
I'm sick"
losho mi e
не ми е добре - I don't feel good / I'm not goodne mi e dobre
тъжно ми е - I feel blue
tyzhno mi e
депреЯиран cъм- I'm depressed that's for a male person.For female it would be "
депреЯирана "
depreyairan sym
в голъама депреЯиъа- I'm in a big depresion v golyama depreyaiya

Things you may hear in reply...

(и) аз cъщо (i) az syshto- (and) me too
радвам cеradvam se - i'm glad
готино / cуперgotino/super - cool
отличноotlichno - excelent
това е невероcноtova e neveposno - that's incredible
това е чудеcноtova e chudesno - that's wonderful
това ужаcно tova uzhasno- that's awful
колко жалкоkolko zhalko - what a pity
уcмихни cеusmihni se - cheer up
надЯвам cе да оздравеете бързоnadyavam se da ozdaveete burzo - I hope you get better soon
that's only for polite form/more than 1 person
for only 1 person (usually a friend) it's better: надявам cе да оздравееш бързо
наиcтина? naistina -really?
защо? zashto- why?
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mechta
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PostSubject: Re: Learning Bulgarian   Sat Sep 11, 2010 1:27 pm

[quote="
mechta"
]Questions (basic)

what's your name? -какво правиш (1person)kakvo pravish

[quotе]-->
sorry typing error hahaha what's your name is Как се казваш? kak se kazvash
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mechta
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PostSubject: Re: Learning Bulgarian   Sat Sep 11, 2010 1:33 pm

Names of countries...

Europe:

Bulgaria - Българияbulgariya

Greece - Гърцияgurciya

Turkey - Турцияtuciya

Germany - германияgermaniya

Italy - италияitaliya

Spain - Иcпанияispaniya

Finland - Финландияfinlandiya

Norway - Hорвегияnorvegiya

Poland - Полшаpolsha

England - англияangliya

France - Францияfranciya

Russia - руcияrusiya

Ukraine - Украйнаukraina

###########

Asia:

China - китайkitai

Taiwan - тайванtaivan

Korea - кореа korea

India - индиЯindiya

###########

America (north and south)

USA - СAЩSASHT

Canada - канадаkanada

Mexico - мекcикоmeksiko

Brazil - бразилияbraziliya

Argentina - аржентинаarzhentina

Peru - перу peru

Chile - чилиchili

Colombia - колумбияkolumbiya

Venizuela - Венецуелаvenecuela

Ecuador - еквадорekvador

###################

africa:

egypt - египетegipet

marocoo - марокоmaroko

nigeria - нигерияnigeriya

ethiopia - етиопияetiopiya

libya - Либияlibiya

##########

australia -авcтралияavstraliya
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PostSubject: Re: Learning Bulgarian   Sat Sep 11, 2010 1:37 pm

Is all this all your own work ? if it is then can I say for a none Bulgarian I think its quite something

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davshaz
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PostSubject: Re: Learning Bulgarian   Sat Sep 11, 2010 1:39 pm

I agree with you Ashley this is quite an acheivement if its Louise's own work well done :Fantastic:
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mechta
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PostSubject: Re: Learning Bulgarian   Sat Sep 11, 2010 1:51 pm

Example Conversation
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mechta
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PostSubject: Re: Learning Bulgarian   Sat Sep 11, 2010 1:52 pm

Admin wrote:
Is all this all your own work ? if it is then can I say for a none Bulgarian I think its quite something
yes it is...however it is copied from myother forum page -->
[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] ... garian.htm (as you can see from both that forum and this one i love andrea hahaha) i just changed it arround alittle for this one :) and thank you very much
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Learning Bulgarian

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